Make Transparent Proxy With Squid on Linux (Ubuntu 9.10)

On Jan 18, 2010 2 comments

To make a transparent proxy you need to redirect all port that you want to squid port. This article will guide you to make a transparent proxy server on Ubuntu 9.10. First thing you need to do are installing squid on your computer that will become a proxy server. You can install it with apt-get command, like this :

$ sudo apt-get install squid

Then you need to configure your squid. Open your squid file configuration :

$ sudo /etc/squid/squid.conf

Add this line on http_port tag (under “# Squid normally listens to port 3128") :

http_port 3128 transparent

And then make your own rules. In this example I will only use the minimal configuration. Add this line to define the network (LAN) and permit the network use the squid proxy :

acl src LAN
http_access allow LAN
icp_access allow LAN

Save the squid configuration file and restart the squid to make the changes take effect. You can restart squid with this command :

$ sudo service squid restart

That minimal configuration will make squid run, But not transparent yet. To make it transparent you need to configure your iptables. You need to make a iptables configuration file on your gateway, like this (assume your proxy server is on IP :

$ sudo vi /etc/iptables.conf

then write this on that file :

# Completed on Sat May 30 15:59:04 2009
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.0 on Sat May 30 15:59:04 2009
[2:120] -A PREROUTING -s -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j DNAT --to-destination
[0:0] -A PREROUTING -s -p tcp -m tcp --dport 81 -j DNAT --to-destination
[0:0] -A PREROUTING -s -p tcp -m tcp --dport 8080 -j DNAT --to-destination
[0:0] -A PREROUTING -s -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3128 -j DNAT --to-destination

Save your iptables configuration file. and then make another file so your iptables will always load when your computer boot. Make The file :

$ sudo vi /etc/init.d/iptables

Write on that file :

#! /bin/bash
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.conf

Save the file, and make it executable :

$ sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/iptables

$ update-rc.d iptables defaults

You may need to reboot your computer to make it work. Well done, now your transparent proxy is ready to use.


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